Please select one of the following schedules below, or scroll down for a list of routinely recommended vaccines:
If you are planning to travel outside of Canada and the United States, it is important to ensure that your routinely recommend vaccinations are up to date (see below), and that you have any non-routine vaccinations recommended for your area of travel.
To find out what vaccines are recommended for your area of travel, visit the Government of Canada Travel Advice website.
Routinely Recommended Vaccinations
Vaccines for the following illnesses are routinely recommended. If you are unsure whether your vaccines are up to date, please make an appointment.
- Diphtheria. This is a serious disease caused by a bacterial toxin (poison). It causes severe breathing problems and can be deadly.
- Haemophilus influenzae type B. A bacterial infection that leads to conditions, such as meningitis, pneumonia, and epiglottitis.
- Hepatitis A. A viral disease of the liver. It spreads from person to person when water, food, or other items contaminated with feces are ingested. Symptoms may include gastrointestinal upset, fatigue, and yellowing of the skin. However, some people, particularly younger children, may have no symptoms.
- Hepatitis B. This type of hepatitis is spread through blood and body fluids. Symptoms may include fever, fatigue, gastrointestinal symptoms, joint pain, and yellowing of the skin and eyes that can last from weeks to months. Hepatitis B is more severe because unlike hepatitis A, hepatitis B can cause chronic hepatitis that may lead to the development of cirrhosis and liver cancer.
- Human papillomavirus (HPV). A very common sexually transmitted disease that can cause genital warts (condylomas). It can lead to cervical and other less common, but serious, cancers.
- Influenza (flu). This is a highly-contagious disease that affects your lungs. It is caused by various strains of influenza viruses. Flu causes mild to severe illness and can be deadly in some cases.
- Measles (Rubeola). Measles is a highly-contagious infection. It causes fever, cough, runny nose, and a rash all over the body.
- Meningococcal meningitis. A severe bacterial infection of the membranes that cover the brain and spinal cord. It is caused by a bacterial infection. Symptoms can include fever, headache, a stiff neck, nausea, and altered mental status.
- Mumps. Mumps is a virus that causes a painful infection in the salivary or parotid glands, and sometimes other areas of the body.
- Pertussis (whooping cough). A highly contagious respiratory disease. It causes severe and persistent high-pitched coughing spasms.
- Pneumococcal pneumonia. A serious lung infection caused by the bacteria called Streptococcus pneumoniae.
- Polio. A highly infectious viral disease that invades the nervous system. Symptoms may include a flu-like illness and stiffness in the neck and back with pain in the limbs. In the worst case, the infection can result in permanent paralysis of the limbs, typically the legs.
- Rotavirus. A highly contagious virus that is the leading cause of severe diarrhea among children.
- Rubella (German measles). This is a contagious disease caused by a virus. Symptoms include a rash and fever.
- Tetanus (lock jaw). A bacterial disease of the nervous system caused by Clostridium tetani. Symptoms include painful contractions of the muscles that can progress to seizure-like activity and nervous system disorders.
- Varicella (chickenpox). A contagious disease caused by the varicella-zoster virus and marked by skin eruptions. It is most common in children.
- Zoster (shingles). A painful skin rash with blisters caused by the varicella zoster virus. It is the same virus that causes chicken pox. After a chickenpox infection, the virus can remain in nerve cells and reappear years later in the form of shingles.